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Welcome to Science


Science Topic Overview
Lesson
Topic
Ref
Tasks
1
What is Science? Explain the relevance of Science to our lives. Identify where Science can be found in the world around us
Set up folder for Science.
SFL07 p1
Headline News
2
Scientific thinking: explain changes in terms of cause and effect
SFL07 p2
Predict, Observe, Explain (candle, mystery object in box)
3
Scientific equipment: identify and explain how and when each is used.
SFL07 p3-5
Which piece of equipment is it quiz.
HW - OTY p6
4
Science Safety in the Lab: Rules
SFL07 p7-10
Safety Poster
5
Science is carrying out experiments: Safe Clothes in Science
SFL07 p11-13
Prac report
6
Science skills: Bunsen Burner
SFL07 p14-15
Test and licence
7
Science skills: Handling Chemicals
SFL07 p16-19
HW – OTY p18, Key Ideas p20
Assessment Tasks
1. Which piece of equipment is it?
2. Safety Poster.
3. Notes, prac reports and exercises.

What is Science?

Draw a picture of you as a Scientist on the front page of your exercise book.
This book will be used for all of your scientific drawing and some of your prac reports.
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Google "Science" in Google News - What headlines can you find? Do you know of any research in our area?

Visit Double Helix, Questacon, CSIRO Education, SJE rss feed (news)
Find a story about some cool Science happening in the world around you... locally... or as far away as Antarctica!

Write
Fit as much information as possible into the 200 word limit.

Introduction:
  • briefly describe your amazing scientific story in one or two sentences
Body:
  • who is doing the science...
  • how are they doing this science?...
  • why are they doing the science?...
  • diagrams and pictures to help the reader understand more about your story
Conclusion:
  • what have they found?
  • How could this be applied elsewhere?



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Science Skills: Observation

How many observations can you make from a burning candle
FACT - Michael Faraday was able to make 100!
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The colour of the flame is?
The flame is ...... colour at the top
The flame is ....... colour at the base
The flame is ........ colour in the middle
The brightest part of the flame is (where)?
Do the colours change?
Does the smell change as the candle burns? How?
The flame is almost transparent (where)?
The hottest part of the flame is (where)?
The flame moves most (where)?
The flame moves (how) in a small breeze
The flame smells like .....
As the candle burns the wax .....
What happens to the wick as the candle burns?
What happens to the height of the wax as the candle burns?
Is the flame sensitive to movement?
Is the flame sensitive to a knock on the table?
Does the flame go back to its original position after being disturbed?
Where are the embers on the wick?








Scientific Thinking

Scientific thinking: explain changes in terms of cause and effect

Science searches for understanding of the things that happen in the world around us.
To check whether they have really understood they
  1. Predict: a prediction about how things work is called a theory.
  2. Observe: scientists observe whether their prediction was right. Think about the role of controlled conditions.
  3. Explain: scientists try to explain why they were right, why some parts of their prediction were right, or why they were wrong.

Working in groups, make as many observations of a burning candle as you can. Can you make more than the other groups?
Mystery Box

Hey! An experiment for you to do at home!
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Fresh eggs sink in drinking water. What would happen if you added salt?




P Write a prediction of what will happen.
If you have an egg at home ask if you can put it in a glass of water from the tap.
O Observe what happens. Write down your observations. This is called recording.
down the steps you would take to do a scientific experiment.
Hint: You can improve your record by filming what happens with the camera on your laptop.
E Explain: Try and explain what happened in your own words.





Scientific Equipment


Science Equipment Quiz

Read page 2 - 6
What scientific equipment have you used in primary school?


BBC: The Beauty of Diagrams - Vitruvian Man (1/2)
Uploaded by xSilverPhinx.

How to draw a correct scientific diagram:

1. Use a very sharp lead pencil, preferably 2B.
2. Print a heading at the top of the page. Underline it.
3. Draw a simple, side-on view of the experiment/animal/plant (the focus of your diagram). Include only the essential details (e.g. if drawing a beaker, just draw sides and base)
4. Print (no running writing) all labels. Write them horizontally to the diagram and close to the relevant feature. Arrange them neatly around the drawing. Rule a straight line (no arrowheads) between the label and the feature. Labels should include purpose of feature (e.g. pouch: where immature young develop)
5. Rule all straight lines, including underlining headings and titles.

Do not underline labels!

OnionDiagram1-incorrect_WS.jpg OnionDiagram2-correct_WS.jpg

The diagram above left has many flaws:
* unnecessary shading makes the image unclear
* unnecessary detail is shown - e.g. three dimensional drawing of table and flask
* label lines have arrowheads
* labels are arranged all over the diagram and are too far away from the relevant label line
* it has no title or date

The diagram above right is correct


Try this memory game.
Ask your teacher if they can set up five pieces of equipment in the laboratory and cover them with towels.
Get a pencil and a workbook ready. When you are ready, ask the teacher to remove the towels. Now you have 50 seconds to memorise what the laboratory equipment looks like. Using the images in your textbook as a clue draw as many of the pieces as you can remember in 2D (xray). Only one image per page please! How did you go?

Look at and discuss the scientific equipment on p4 again with your partner, then try the science quiz again. Did you improve your score?

Assessment: (to be completed in your PAGES notes and emailed to your teacher before the end of the lesson).
  1. Select 10 scientific equipment from p4 of the textbook.
  2. Identify them correctly and find out what they are used for.
  3. Match their use with the description on p5 of the textbook.
  4. Find a picture of each in the internet.



Safety in the Laboratory

Following Instructions


  • Draw a map of the science laboratory and show where the fire extinguisher is, the fire blanket, the first aid cabinet, the gas isolation tap, the electricity kill switch and the emergency evacuation door.

  • Explain in your PAGES notes why we have to be especially careful in Science laboratories.
  • external image placeholder?w=NaN&h=NaN
    Assessment: Make a poster or a sticker! - Design an A4 Poster or sticker highlighting a science rule that you would like to remind people of. Submit this via email as a separate file. Save your file as "Initials_scisafetyposter".

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Science Skills: Bunsen Burner



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Read and discuss the text on bunsen burners.
Learn how to check a bunsen burner for defects.
Learn how to check whether gas taps are turned off.
Learn where the fire blanket and other fire equipment is kept.
Learn the procedures for accidents and fire.

Visti these links for more information on bunsen burners

Complete the test (checked by your partner and the teacher).
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NOTE: Each student must complete the Bunsen Burner Test before being able to use the bunsen in science pracs at our school.






Science Safety: Safety clothing



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Prepare a prac report based on the experiment on p12 of your text.

Write the headings...
  • TITLE
  • AIM
  • MATERIALS
  • METHOD
  • RESULTS
  • DISCUSSION
  • CONCLUSION

Now
  • write the title of the prac
  • write the aim
  • list what materials you will need to do the prac
  • under results copy and paste the table in this file (and add your own results and observations)
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  • complete the questions from the book (as well as any that your teacher has set you).
  • conclusion: decide as a class what should go in the conclusion

Once you are finished...
  • Discuss the purpose of having structure in prac reports.
  • Why are thy important in Science?

Look at the report below
  • What is good about it?
  • What could be done better?
  • How can you improve your prac report?
  • Improve your prac report.
  • Email it to your teacher for grading

Practical Report Example

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